Things to Know

Before traveling to Nepal, which is known as living museum, it can be good idea that makes your travel more interesting.

This Comprehensive Nepal travel info containing essentials and fast facts about Nepal provides tips and topics and other travel related information. The following some short and sweet travel info, including climate and the best time to visit, travel, insurance , passport and visa info and certain useful Nepali phrases and words will help you to plan an amazing and exciting trip.

Some Facts about Nepal

  • Nepal is home to the world’s highest peak, Mt. Everest 8848m
  • Here are 8 eight thousanders Mt. among 14 of the world.
  • Mount Everest – 8848 m
  • Kanchenjunga –  8586 m
  • Lhotse –             8516 m
  • Makalu –            8481 m
  • Choyu –          8201 m
  • Dhaulagiri I –     8167 m
  • Manaslu –           8156 m
  • Annapurna I –     8091 m
  • The founder of Buddhism “Buddha” was born in Lumbini, Nepal. Who is known as the light of Asia as well as symbol of peace.  
  • Yeti, the elusive snowman is believed to roam around  the snowcapped high mountains of Nepal
  • Kathmandu is the Capital city which has the thickest concentration of World Heritage Sites.

1. Kathmandu Darbar Square

2. Swoyambhunath Stupa. Known as Monkey temple.

3. Pashupatinath Temple (one of the Biggest Hindu temple)

4. Bauddhanath Stupa (one of the biggest white Buddhist stupa)

5. Bhaktapur Darbar Square

6. Changu Narayan temple

7. Patan Darbar Squere

  • It has diverse population with more than 63 ethnic groups and 123 different languages and dialogues where national language is “Nepali”.
  • Nepal is the only country which has unique triangular flag with two triangular shapes stacked on one another.
  • It is a land locked country in between huge two country China and India. We use to calling “Yam of the two giant rock stones”.
  • It is the only country which has the living goddess “KUMARI” being worshiped by thousands of Hindus and Buddhist of Nepal.
  • It was an only one Nation who had two different kings till 2008 A.D.
  • Nepal has its own lunar calendar called B.S. (Bikram Sambat) which 57 years advance than Gregorian calendar (A.D.).

Titbits about Nepal

  1. Basic meal: Dal Bhat which is taken twice every day in lunch and dinner.
  2. Khaja (afternoon tea time): Mo:Mo: and Chowmin wich is common.
  3. National animal: cow which is holy for Hindus.
  4. National flower: Red rhododendron (Lali Gurans)
  5. The Biggest festivals: Dashain and Tihar wich is falls in October – November.

The Climate in Nepal

Since elevation of Nepal starts from 60 meter above sea level to the top of the world (Mt. Everest 8848m), it has all types of climate tropical to alpine/Polar.  Officially, we have 6 types of seasons but we do following pretty much the same as Europe.

December, January and February it’s winter which cold and dry, March, April and May it’s spring and it’s hot and but dry.

 June, July and August are the summer it is season of the rain which is known as “Monsoon”

The climate of Nepal is moderate which means the winters is dry and the summers is hot and humid. But because of the huge range in altitude elevation and landscape, climate of Nepal differs significantly throughout the country.

Generally, monsoon season lasts June, and August where 80 per cent of the rainfall occurs during this period throughout the country. Rest of the time of the year is dry it there is very less chance of raining. Spring (March, April and May) and autumn (September, October and November) are the most pleasant seasons. In winter (December, January, and February) temperatures drop down with a high snowfall in the high mountain areas. Since Nepal has deferent level of altitude and differentiate in climate, we can’t say exactly, though, Summer/monsoon and late spring temperatures range from 28ºC in the hills to more than 40ºC in the Terai (southern plains). In winter, average maximum and minimum temperatures in the Terai range from 6ºC to a mild 22ºC. The central valley’s experience a minimum temperature but not often falling below freezing point and a chilly 16ºC maximum during the winter.

The capital, Kathmandu Valley has a mild climate most of the year. Summer temperatures range from 20-30°C and in winter temperatures are between 2-20°C. During the monsoon season, the average rainfall is between 200-375mm in Kathmandu. May and June can be very hot and humid until the monsoon rains. In spring (March, April and May) and autumn (October to November) the temperatures are pleasant with occasional short bursts of rain, while November to February are dry and very cold, especially during night.

Best time to visit Nepal

Basically, two seasons are known as best for tourism in Nepal. Spring and autumn are the recommended and high volumes tourist arrival in Nepal. But during other two so called off season (winter and summer) also you can do off track trip to Nepal.

  1. Spring (March, April and May):- this is the best time to visit Nepal. We will be just after the chilling winter so, during this season, weather is pleasant with efficient sunlight, warmth and blue sky which means that you can truly enjoy the remarkable Nepalese landscape and of course with the amazing Himalayan massifs. Spring is well known to see and enjoy unbelievable rhododendron flowers and its forest where you can find more than 34 species of rhododendron with its many different colors.
  2. Autumn (Sept, Oct and Nov):- autumn also one of the best season to visit Nepal. Where two fall biggest festival Dashain and Tihar. As we will be right after heavy monsoon, sky is blue and lovely sunshine with greenery landscape. Temperature is moderate which is comfortable for the trip around. Since it is a biggest tourist season, there will be crowd of tourist in the reasons and places.
  • Summer/ monsoon (June, July and August):– In Nepal summer is understand as Monsoon where it rains almost every day and it’s humid. So it’s not that comfortable to make a trip in the lowland area but it’s always possible to visit in the high Himalayan valleys. And this season is well known to make a trip to Mustang and Dolpo. Since it these are the Trans Himalayan valleys, High Mountain block the rainy monsoon cloud. It rains rarely and it is light. And temperature is moderate which is perfect for the trip where we can see activities of the people. For a keen botanist, monsoon is a blessing as the higher valleys, mountains and meadows blossom with flowers and abundant vegetation. So this season is highly recommended for these reason.  
  • Winter (Dec, Jan, and Feb):- comparatively it is cold and dry, especially in the hilly regions if you reach in higher elevations it is much colder with snow-fall. If you wish to avoid crowds of tourist of the big season it could be a best option to trek during summer or winter. These are the option to discover Nepal differently than regular tourist do. It is more peaceful, different atmosphere, more choices the services which give you new taste of Nepal. 

Note: – Due to global warming issues, regular climate has been changing in  worldwide and Nepal is no exception. Please be open to unpredictable weather conditions as well.

Useful Nepali phrases and expression


Hello- Namaste

How are you? – Sanchai hunuhunchha or Tapailai kasto chha

What is your name? – Tapaiko Nam ke ho?

My name is …….—Mero Nam …… ho.

Thank you—- Dhanyabad!

See you again/soon— Feri Bhetaula!


Its very delicious – Ekdam Mitho chha.

Very good/ beautiful- dherai ramro chha.

I don’t understand – ma bujhdina.

I can’t speak- malai bolna audaina.

I don’t know- Malai thaha chhaina.

I like it –Malai yo Manparchha.

I don’t like- Malai Man pardaina.

I am tired – malai thakai lagyo.

I am hungry – malai bhok lagyo.

I am thirsty – malai tirkha lagyo.


Ek- one




Panch- Five

Chha- Six

Saat- Seven

Aath- Eight

Nau- Nine

Das- Ten

Saye- Hundred

Hajar- Thousand

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